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What Is CBD? 12 Answers That Will Make You an Expert

What Is CBD? 12 Answers That Will Make You an Expert

Posted by Lily Kiepke on Sep 24th 2020

How much do you know about the CBD products you’re using?

As CBD continues to trend as a popular health and wellness super product, reputable research and sources remain scarce and can be difficult and time-consuming to understand.

However, becoming a CBD expert is easier than you think, and can grant you peace of mind by knowing what exactly is going on inside your body.

Here’s the answers to the 12 most popular CBD questions on the web right now.

1. What Is CBD?

CBD, an abbreviation of cannabidiol, is a chemical compound present in the Cannabis sativa plant. Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), CBD is non-psychoactive, meaning it will not get you “high.” CBD is a cannabinoid, or an active chemical component of cannabis.

CBD is derived from hemp, a variety of cannabis with a THC content of 0.3% or less. CBD is extracted from different parts of the hemp plant, such as the flowers, stalks, and leaves. Manufacturers collect all of the essential cannabinoids, terpene oils and waxes from the plant. In CBD isolate, the plant matter and terpenes responsible for scent and flavor are removed, leaving behind pure CBD.

Because CBD contains antioxidants and possesses anti-inflammatory properties, it has many health benefits and future implications for the field of medicine.

2. How Is CBD Made?

While there are several ways to extract CBD, one eco-friendly method that consistently produces top-quality cannabidiol stands out from the rest.

According to Project CBD a California-based non-profit devoted to CBD research, CBD can be extracted through three methods: CO 2 extraction, ethanol, and olive oil.

Project CBD expands on the CO2 extraction process, noting “the supercritical (or subcritical) CO2 method uses carbon dioxide under high pressure and extremely low temperatures to isolate, preserve, and maintain the purity of the medicinal oil.”

Technical experts at the Hemp Gazette speak highly of the increasingly popular CO 2 extraction method, citing “carbon dioxide-based extraction is considered to be more environmentally friendly, considerably safer, cleaner, cheaper and less toxic than using fossil fuel-based extractions-- and results in a consistent product that is more palatable.” For these reasons and more, many project CO 2 extraction to be the future of large-scale commercialized CBD production.

All of the merchandise at PHD Organics is produced using the CO 2 extraction method, resulting in high-quality and environmentally friendly products.

3. Are CBD and Hemp Seed Oil the Same?

Hemp seed oil (sometimes referred to as hemp oil) differs from CBD in its ingredients and purposes.

According to Medical News Today (MNT), CBD oil uses the “stalks, leaves, and flowers of the hemp plant,” while hemp seed oil comes from only “the seeds of the Cannabis sativa plant.”

While hemp seed oil contains little to no CBD, it is still full of nutrients and unsaturated fatty acids. Many people use hemp seed oil as a nutritional supplement because it is high in omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, vitamins, and antioxidants. Hemp seed oil can be incorporated into baked goods and other foods, as well as clothing and fibers. Some support the use of hemp seed oil for treating constipation and gastrointestinal issues, or to manage skin conditions.

4. What Are the Benefits of CBD?

CBD can be used to relieve the symptoms of a variety of health and wellness issues, including but not limited to:

●Anxiety and depression

●Addiction management

●Cancer and cancer treatment

●Epilepsy

●Immune system deficiencies

●Pain and inflammation

●Skin conditions

●Sleeplessness and insomnia

Many people employ CBD to relax their body and mind, improve sleep, or as a way to quickly recover from a workout.

CBD continues to be studied closely as a treatment for arthritis due to its anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving properties. Administering a dose of CBD twice daily to dogs with osteoarthritis had powerful results, including improved quality of life and mobility.

Matthew Halpert, an instructor at Baylor College of Medicine, distinguishes the strength of CBD from other products, revealing “CBD products don’t just mask pain or inflammation as some over-the-counter topical pain relief creams do. They actually make the pain go away for a certain time period.” Proponents of CBD rely on its consistent ability to provide them with necessary relief.

5. How Does CBD Work?

CBD interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS includes two main cannabinoid receptors:

●CB1 receptors largely in the brain and central nervous system

●CB2 receptors throughout various organs and immune system cells

US News Health reports these receptors “are associated with pain sensation, appetite, immune function, mood, and more.” New research also supports CBD’s capability to influence serotonin receptors, affecting biological and neurological processes such as anxiety, memory, and sleep. These effects are consistent with the use of CBD as a treatment for pain and inflammation, anxiety, depression, and other health and wellness issues.

There are simple steps you can take to ensure more CBD is absorbed by your body. Having a diet rich in healthy fats and taking CBD sublingually both positively impact on CBD intake. Additionally, when applying CBD topically, adding in a massage encourages dilation of the blood vessels in the skin, resulting in increased oil absorption.

6. How Can I Take CBD?

There are many ways to take CBD, such as:

●Sublingually (under the tongue) using tinctures

Topically(creams, lotions, bath bombs)

●Added to a food or beverage

●As an edible

●Through vaping or via a dab rig

CBD isolate is particularly versatile, as it is tasteless and odorless.

Depending on how you choose to take your CBD, the amount of time it takes to feel the effects and how long the effects will last will differ.

RELATED: How to Make the Best CBD Drink with CBD Isolate

7. Why Take CBD Under the Tongue?

There are many benefits to taking CBD sublingually, such as increasing the speed and level of absorption.

Sublingual, which literally means ‘under the tongue,’ is a method of taking a substance that allows it to be quickly absorbed by blood vessels under the tongue instead of through the digestive tract. This way, the substances are able to bypass the liver, and are protected from breaking down due to enzymes and general acidity in the stomach.

In a study focusing on the effectiveness of taking drugs sublingually, researchers discovered “compared to commonly used tablets, capsules, and other oral dosage forms, sublingual absorption is generally much faster and more efficient.”

The anatomy of the mouth aids in the intake of substances; researchers point out the “large contact surface of the oral cavity contributes to rapid and extensive drug absorption” that is “generally higher than that achieved by means of oral ingestion.”

Taking CBD sublingually allows you to feel the effects more quickly, and for more CBD to be absorbed into your system overall.

8. How Long Does CBD Stay in Your system?

It is estimated CBD stays in your system for several days, but there are many factors at play that could extend or shorten the duration CBD stays present in your body.

Adrienne Santos-Longhurst at Healthline distinguishes a variety of influences that affect how long CBD stays in your system, such as:

●How much CBD you use

●How often you use CBD

●Your body (BMI, water content, metabolism, etc.)

●Diet (what you eat, how much, and when)

●Method of use (oils, edibles, lotions, etc.)

How long does it take to feel the effects of CBD? Santos-Longhurst differentiates by form, disclosing “generally, you can begin to feel the effects of CBD within 15 minutes of vaping or using it sublingually,” but “edibles and topical products can take as long as an hour or two to kick in.”

Depending on your body composition, the amount of CBD taken, and the method used, you should feel the effects of CBD typically for two to six hours afterwards. Expect the CBD to stay in your system for at least two to five days after dosing.

9. Does CBD Go Bad?

CBD, like most ingestible products, can expire. Adam Mace of CBD Daily Mag details “CBD typically has a long shelf life spanning between 12 and 24 months.”

How do you know if your CBD has gone bad? Mace advises inspecting the following features of your CBD:

●Expiration date

●Texture

●Color

●Smell

●Taste

However, Mace reveals not all CBD products are created equally, stating “with the CO 2 extraction method, the chemical integrity of the hemp is largely unmodified and preserved, maintaining stability for each of the compounds,” resulting in “a longer shelf life as the compounds take longer to break down.”

Concerned you may have ingested expired CBD? Have no fear, as Mace describes there are “no real side effects to consuming expired CBD,” only a decrease in “potency and efficacy” as broken-down compounds have rendered the CBD inactive.

To help preserve your CBD, store it in a cool, dark place away from sunlight that promotes oxidation of the oil.

10. Is CBD Legal?

Yes, but with many caveats, and only under certain conditions. The 2018 Farm Bill legalized the production and commercialization of hemp and hemp-derived products, but with many restrictions and regulations at both the state and federal level.

PBS NewsHour explains, “if CBD comes from a hemp plant with less than 0.3 percent THC, you can buy it under federal law-- but some states still have legal restrictions on the possession of CBD.” Hemp containing any more than the allotted 0.3% tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is classified as marijuana, and therefore is still federally illegal.

As laws regarding hemp and CBD vary drastically across the United States, check your state laws and always buy your hemp-derived products from a reputable, third-party tested source for your protection.

11. Will CBD Show Up on a Drug Test?

Drug tests don’t specifically screen for CBD because it doesn’t impair the user and isn’t considered a controlled substance. However, using CBD products contaminated with THC may result in a positive drug test.

MNT warns that “people who want to avoid testing positive for THC on a drug test should purchase CBD products from reliable sources that can confirm the product does not contain any THC.”

PHD Organics CBD oil tinctures are 100% THC free and have been lab tested by a third-party so that you can shop with confidence.

12. Can I Use CBD While Pregnant or Breastfeeding?

Taking CBD is not recommended for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Dr. J Hampton Atkinson, co-director of the Center of Medical Cannabis Research (CMCR) at the University of California, San Diego, weighs in: “CBD, like many other substances, probably should be avoided in pregnancy.”

Additionally, because CBD can be passed on to babies through breast milk with unknown effects, it is not recommended to use CBD while breastfeeding. Allow a washout period of around two weeks before breastfeeding your baby if you have used CBD products.

That’s It!

Did you find this guide helpful? If so, please share it with others!

What questions do you still have about CBD? Let us know on our Facebook page, PHD Organics

Follow us on Instagram for the latest CBD News @phdorganics

References

Akpan, N., & Leventhal, J. (2019, July 12). Is CBD legal? Here's what you need to know, according to science. Retrieved September 22, 2020, from https://www.pbs.org/newshour/science/is-cbd-legal-heres-what-you-need-to-know-according-to-science

Caceres, V. (2019, September 23). Do Topical CBD Products Work? Retrieved September 14, 2020, from https://health.usnews.com/wellness/articles/do-topical-cbd-products-work

Caporuscio, J. (2020, June 12). Does CBD show up on a drug test? Retrieved September 22, 2020, from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/does-cbd-show-up-on-a-drug-test

Caporuscio, J. (2020, June 8). Hemp seed oil vs. CBD oil: Differences, types, uses, effects, and more. Retrieved September 22, 2020, from https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/hemp-seed-oil-vs-cbd-oil

Davis, M. (2019, June 27). What Is CBD? Retrieved September 22, 2020, from https://www.livescience.com/65811-what-is-cbd.html

De Gregorio, D., McLaughlin, R. J., Posa, L., Ochoa-Sanchez, R., Enns, J., Lopez-Canul, M., . . . Gobbi, G. (2019). Cannabidiol modulates serotonergic transmission and reverses both allodynia and anxiety-like behavior in a model of neuropathic pain. PAIN: The Journal of the International Association for the Study of Pain, 160(1), 136-150. doi:10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001386 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6319597/

Hemp Gazette. (2017, September 05). A Guide To Supercritical CO2 Extraction Of Cannabis Oil. Retrieved September 22, 2020, from https://hempgazette.com/cannabidiol-cbd/co2-extraction-cannabis/

Mace, A. (2019, December 20). Can CBD go bad? Here's how to test. Retrieved September 22, 2020, from https://www.dailycbdmag.com/opinion/can-cbd-go-bad/

Narang, N., & Sharma, J. (2011). Sublingual Mucosa as a Route for Systemic Drug Delivery. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 3(2), 18-22. ISSN 0975-1491 Retrieved September 22, 2020, from https://innovareacademics.in/journal/ijpps/Vol3Suppl2/1092.pdf

Project CBD. (2020). How CBD Oil is Made. Retrieved September 22, 2020, from https://www.projectcbd.org/cbd-101/how-is-cbd-oil-made

Santos-Longhurst, A. (2019, December 12). How Long Does CBD Stay in Your System? Retrieved September 22, 2020, from https://www.healthline.com/health/how-long-does-cbd-stay-in-your-system

About the Author

Lily Kiepke is a freelance writer and blogger based in the Denver metropolitan area. She enjoys using CBD to relieve anxiety and improve sleep. When she is not writing about cannabis, she can be found hiking in the Rocky Mountains or curled up with a good true crime book.